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About Epilepsy

Medical Treatment

Medical Treatment

Drugs prescribed by doctors for the treatment of epilepsy do not offer a cure for the condition but a means for controlling seizures; and do so for a lot of people. Every effort will be made to use just one drug (Monotherapy) but quite often more than one drug has to be used (Polytherapy) to control the seizures.

Epilepsy drugs are no different than any others in so much as they do sometimes cause unwanted side effects. Your doctor will explain this to you and ask you to keep an eye out for any of these. Very often it is a question of “horses for courses” and a drug that may suit one person may not suit another.


The most important issue is to take the medication as and when directed. Do not be tempted to alter the dose yourself. If you have been seizure free for many years you may be offered the opportunity to withdraw drugs. Such withdrawal is a very precise science and must be done under the close supervision of your doctor.

Medical Treatment

The control of seizures is usually managed by using antiepileptic medicines either with a single drug or in combination with others.
The preferred option is to gain control using a single drug (monotherapy) but sometimes it is necessary to add a second or rarely even a third drug to acquire control (polytherapy).

The drugs are known both by their generic (chemical) names and brand names.

Generic Name
Brand Name
Generic Name
Brand Name

Getting the diagnosis of epilepsy can be daunting or confusing, so MREA have put together a comprehensive guide to keep you informed.

For a proportion of patients, a further option does exist, namely neurosurgical treatment for their epilepsy.
Find out more here.

Epilepsy is as common as diabetes and asthma. With as many as 1 in 103 people affected, epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder.